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The Danish Meteorological Institute has recently used artificial intelligence to map the changing Arctic sea ice, as reported by American broadcast television network, NBC News.
Looking for a new way to improve the group’s sea ice reports, the group of meteorologists from the DMI uses artificial intelligence to identify the existence of ice in the satellite images. The technology has also reportedly allowed the team to provide more accurate and faster ice reports.
According to the US National Snow and Ice Data Center, sea ice is not easy to study because it is seen in extreme climates and remote locations. Submarines and ships have been used in gathering sea ice data and scientists have to put up field camps to study the sea ice movement. However, with the help of artificial intelligence, stated the Danish team, the technology can train on its own to check the ice through the satellite images, making ice mapping easier than before.
The European Weather Center ranks the year 2017 as the second hottest year in their documentation after gathering the global sea ice record. They also based their data on the sea ice index of NSIDC, revealing the sea ice loss in the past 38 years.
NSIDC scientists usually have to travel to the Arctic Ocean, Arctic Tundra, Greenland, and Antarctica to conduct their field work and have to be exposed in some of the Earth’s harshest conditions and drill ice to explore climate change.