|Closeup of woman hands holding a positive pregnancy test / Photo by Getty Images|
For the female, fertility is the ability to become pregnant or produce a child. In men, fertility is defined as the ability to impregnate a woman or having a sperm that can fertilize the egg inside the body of the woman. There are various factors that affect the person’s fertility, such as medical condition, lifestyle, age, genetics, lifestyle, environment, and many other things.
Understanding the Female Ovulation
Female ovulation is the release of an egg during menstruation. A part of the ovary is the ovarian follicle that functions to discharge the egg - also called as an oocyte, female gamete, or ovum. The egg is only released upon reaching the maturity. When released, the egg will travel to the fallopian tube, where it may meet a sperm and will be fertilized. Hormonal release and ovulation during the female menstrual cycle are all controlled by the brain (hypothalamus).
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Ovulation Time: When is Ovulation Likely to Occur?
Knowing the time of ovulation allow the woman to know when is her most fertile days or more likely to conceive.
-First, determine how long is your normal menstrual cycle. Count day 1 as the first day your period starts and the cycle ends when you start your period again. The moment you start your next month period, the day before that is considered as the last day of your average ovulation cycle. Most women have 28 to 30 days of ovulation cycle. Mark this cycle in your calendar to keep track of your ovulation time.
-Now to calculate your ovulation date, begin counting from the last day of the cycle and count 17 days backward. Consider that day as your ovulation date or when you are most likely to ovulate.
Generally, there is a higher chance of pregnancy when a couple has sex 1-2 days prior the ovulation or right that exact day.
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What is a Fertility Window and Signs You’re Fertile
The fertility window is the period of time wherein the woman can get pregnant. Typically, this includes the day that she is ovulating and five days before the ovulation. For a couple trying to conceive, this is the ideal time to have intercourse.
Some signs that may indicate a woman is fertile is when she has a heightened sense of smell, the cervical mucus becomes more clear and stretchy, like the egg whites, and the woman feels and looks sexy. The subtle sexy symptoms do not only put the woman in the babymaking mood, but her partner is also more drawn to her.
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Determining Your Date of Ovulation Using Ovulation Calculator or Fertility Apps
If you so want to conceive, it is important to know the days when you will ovulate. There are ovulation calculators nowadays that will allow you to see your exact date of ovulation. These ovulation calendars or fertility apps usually ask information, such as the first day of your last period and how long is the cycle.
|Downloading fertility apps to track the ovulation date / Photo by Getty Images|
False Pregnancy Signs - When Pregnancy is Not Pregnancy
The false pregnancy (pseudocyesis) signs can be frustrating to a couple trying to conceive. There are rare cases when a woman believes that she is pregnant, but she, later on, realized that the pregnancy symptoms were caused by something else. When pregnancy is not pregnancy, the early signs include menstrual period interruption, swollen belly, changes in the nipples, milk production, enlarged or tender breasts, vomiting and nausea, weight gain, and feeling of fetal movements.
The exact causes of pseudocyesis remain unknown although some believe that the psychological factors are tricking the body into thinking that it is already carrying a child. These factors include the intense desire to have a baby, impending menopause, repeat miscarriages, infertility, or desire of getting married.
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Use of a Contraceptive Pill to Prevent Pregnancy
A contraceptive pill (hormonal method) is used by women to prevent pregnancy. Women take it by the mouth and when correctly taken, is effective. There are also other contraceptive methods, such as barrier methods, intrauterine device, natural methods, and emergency contraception.
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