India is Working Hard on Universal Access to Electricity

Technology > IT

Projects are now being done to make a decentralized electricity providing services in India's villages and cities. / Photo by: Jorge Royan via Wikimedia Commons


Electricity is regarded as one of the most important features of an improved quality of life. Access to the service is now almost universally regarded as a basic necessity. India, for one, is investing heavily on universal access to electricity. Its government’s flagship projects, the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana and the Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana or simply the Saubhagya Scheme, are utilizing both the central grid and decentralized based approaches for providing electricity to all households and villages.

This follows the introduction of the Electricity Act 2003, which mandated that there should be a supply of electricity to all areas, urban or otherwise. Currently, IT-based solutions like smart meters for renewable energy-based grids and the current pay-as-you-go systems are already well established processes in the country.

The present electricity access scheme of the government has successfully placed electricity distribution and transmission infrastructures in the majority of the Census villages. Due to the large number of villages and households, the distribution companies are working round the clock to serve the people better. Modern IT solutions will also enable them to convert these challenges to useful opportunities.

Disruptions like natural disasters or accidents are inevitable. Future electricity service delivery systems will hopefully not be bogged down by debates as what happened during the early years, for centralized or decentralized systems and for both coal-based power and renewable energy. Business will be competing in terms of cost of service delivery and the overall quality of service. Better interaction with the data science-based IT systems and the electricity delivery systems will give more streamlined results and fewer problems in the future.